7 interesting facts about Lily

Lily is a flowering plant that belongs to the family Liliaceae. The Lilium genus, from this family, has 80 species of bulbous plants that are generally hardy and few species require the protection of a greenhouse. In the wild, lilies are found in a broad zone encircling the Northern Hemisphere. The flower of a lily has 6 petals with prominent stamens, which makes this flower really easy to study by the botanists. Flowers are available in different tones of colors from white to dark red, except blue.

Lily (8)Lily (7)Lily (6)

7 things you might not know about lilies:

  1. Some species (Lilium brownii, Lilium pumilum and Lilium dauricum) have edible bulbs.  They are cultivated for food in Asia, specifically in China, Korea and Japan.
  2. We can find many colors of lilies and some of them have different color tones on the same petal. Often we can see some dots in a darker tone than the rest of petal, these dots are called simply `freckles`.
  3. Lilies have different meanings all over the world. The Chinese believe they bring good luck, whilst in the Assyrian civilization, they were considered to be a holy flower. Greeks associates the lily with motherhood and Christians believe this flower to represent chastity and innocence.Lily (5)Lily (3)
  4. There are many kinds of flowers which have been called “lilies” but many of these such as the day-lily, water-lily, and arum-lily, actually belong to other groups of flowering plants.
  5. In history is said that the Greek God Apollo presented the Lily of the Valley to Aesculapius, the great healer. Today, a number of lily species have health beneficial properties, and certain species contain compounds that are used in medicine. These medicines treat depression, heart disease, angina and anxiety. Additionally, many parts of the world use them to treat a variety of other illnesses, usually in the form of an essential oils or balms. Beauty-wise, certain extracts from the lily can brighten the skin and reduce scars.
  6. Lilies have an extremely long vase life, this can be increased even further by removing the pollen found in the flower. Those who choose to display the lily in their office or homes should embrace this tip.
  7. This plant is highly toxic for some animals. Even small amount of pollen can induce poisoning and can be deadly, especially for cats.

Lily (2)Lily (1)If you want to find out more information or see more pictures, there is another article on my blog about the lilies. Check this link and use the translation button from the right corner of the page: Fleur de lisWatermark in Full Color

Source: Encyclopedia of Garden plants and Flowers by Richard C. & co.


Black locust – an extraordinary plant

Robinia pseudoacacia is commonly known as black locust, false acacia or simply locust. Is a medium-sized hardwood deciduous tree endemic to a few small areas of the United States. Because is an invasive species, the locust was easily introduced to other regions like Asia or Europe. When the black locust has been introduced to a new environment, it tends to compete with native species and take over in that environment. This species loves the sun and grows rapidly in open areas with lots of light and no shade, driving other sun-loving plants away.  Also, the black locust’s fragrant white flowers compete for pollinating bees, increasing the competition with native plants.


Acacia honey is classified as “the best honey”, but is wrong to consider it as the best and most useful. As a matter of fact, there is no bad quality honey, yet it’s true that acacia honey is the most preferred type. The honey is extremely light colored, lemonish white or yellow-green, and if relatively free of other floral sources, it can be very transparent, like liquid glass. The aroma is floral, fruity, delicate, very persistent. The flavor is very sweet, slightly acidic with hints of vanilla and no aftertaste. The flowery notes are noticed best in the finish.


The name ‘locust’ is said to have been given to Robinia by Jesuit missionaries, who fancied that this was the tree that supported St. John in the wilderness, but it is native only to North America. The locust tree of Spain (Ceratonia siliqua or carob tree), which is also native to Syria and the entire Mediterranean basin, is supposed to be the true locust of the New Testament.


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The legend of a perfume

Spring is the best time to talk about flowers and their essential oils. From ancient times, the flowers were used to decorate gardens and homes. Some physicians found the flowers beneficial properties, some used them in rituals and some people discovered their essential oils and perfume. But like the most of the great discoveries there were made by accident. This is also the story of a famous natural perfume, which is today the symbol of Capri Island. This perfume is fascinating and unique because after all the years they kept the original recipes and all the fragrances are made only with ingredients find on the Island.

carthusia (5)

The legend tells that in 1380, upon receiving an unexpected visit from Queen Joanna I of Anjou, the father prior of the Carthusian Monastery of St. Giacomo hastily created a bouquet of the most beautiful flowers on the island. After three days, he noticed that their water had acquired a fragrance unknown to him, so he went for the answer to the father alchemist, who trace the origin of this scent back to the wild carnation of Capri, the Garofilium Silvestre Caprese. This water became known as the first perfume of Capri.

carthusia (4)

History confirms that in 1948 the prior of the Monastery discovered the ancient perfume formulas and, with permission of the Pope, revealed them to a chemist from Torino, who then set up one of the smallest professional laboratories in the world, which came to be known as `​Carthusia`.

carthusia (2)
Via Camerelle – This scent shares its name with the most prestigious street of the Island. The freshness of the lemon and orange, mixed with the fragrant notes of sea moss and cedarwood create a flavour amazingly akin to the natural yearning for the sea flowers and genuine living.

The tradition is now continued and the traditional production method used by the Carthusian monks are still in practice today. Only the highest quality products are used, and after the fragrance is filtered and distilled to perfection, it is bottled and delicately wrapped by hand. In the men`s products, the essence contain rosemary hand-picked on Monte Solaro, while the Capri wild carnation finds place in the women`s fragrances.


Today Carthusia has put into practice its centuries-old knowledge in order to develop a culture of perfume unique in the world. Over the years, it has refined its mastery about the olfactory sense, refining and structuring its comprehension of essences, in order to grant to those who choose its fragrances the purest and most intense emotions. Nowadays, as in the past, all stages of production are carried out by hands to guarantee the accurate application of the natural methods involved and the precious care of traditional craftsmanship.

carthusia (6)

All Carthusia fragrances have a hidden yet indivisible bond with Capri. The feelings and emotions of Carthusia products are the result of dedicated and professional research into components derived exclusively from Capri’s environment. These ingredients meet, mix and match in the Carthusia laboratories, producing unique harmonies of scents that create perfumes as great as the island from which they come.

Fiori di Capri – The refined floral notes deriving from the lily of the valley and wild carnation blend together with the enigmatic allure of sandalwood, ylang-ylang and oak.

The symbol of the company, a beautiful work in liberty style, was created in 1948 by the painter Mario Laboccetta. It portrays a „flower siren” that brings to mind the surreal and mythological landscapes of Capri’s heritage. She appears to be in the midst of an evolution, blooming with a myriad of colorful flowers, from which Carthusia perfumes descend, achieving a logo which recalls both art and nature in all their forms.

Source: https://www.carthusia.it

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Happy Women’s Day

Happy Women’s Day! Today is a beautiful day of Spring and because we celebrate women`s day I thought that it’s the perfect time to talk about the symbol of the month.


Galanthus nivalis or the snowdrop is one of my favorite spring flowers. I’m looking forward to seeing them every February because they are the messengers of Spring and when they are in bloom it means that the good weather is coming. Also, there are some interesting things about the snowdrop. The scientific name of snowdrop has a beautiful meaning. Galanthus is derived from the Greek word `gala` which means milk and `anthos` means flower, `nivalis` is an epithet with meaning `of the snow`, referring as the snow-like flower. The snowdrop is a toxic plant and very dangerous if it’s eaten because of the active agglutinin GNA (galanthus nivalis agglutinine), which can cause intestine damage. But other substance found in snowdrop, galanthamine, can be helpful for Alzheimer`s disease.


In Romania, we have a beautiful tradition on March 1st. As a symbol of life, love and hope, in the first day of spring, we give bouquets of snowdrop to our loved one’s. Also, on March 1st the ladies receive a talisman pendant or brooch attached to a red and white wire. This talisman is named `Martisor` and the girls wear it for luck. Also, in March 8th we celebrate the women`s day and mothers day as well. So, as a gift, we give bouquets of snowdrops to our mothers.
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The most wonderful time of the year

Cel mai frumos moment al anului a sosit! Este momentul in care ne intoarcem acasa, momentul in care privim atat in trecut cat si spre viitor, momentul in care amintirile sunt vii. Acum se nasc dorintele, visele si sperantele pentru un viitor mai bun. Este momentul sa daruim, sa multumim si sa fim recunoscatori pentru ceea ce avem.
Va doresc tuturor o iarna cu multa zapada afara, dar cu caldura in suflet! Sarbatori Fericite si un An Nou plin de realizari!!!

It`s the most wonderful time of the year! It’s the moment when we come back home, when we look in the past and to the future at the same time, the moment when all of our memories are alive.  It`s the perfect time to give, to thank and be gratefull for what we have. I wish you all a beautiful winter, happy holidays and a New Year full of joy!

Adela Teban


Corbul de mare cu picioare albastre

Corbul de mare cu picioare albastre (Sula nebouxii) este o pasare marina, unica si interesanta. Traieste in zonele tropicale si subtropicale, in estul Oceanului Pacific, iar cele mai multe perechi se gasesc in jurul insulelor Galapagos. Este usor de recunoscut datorita picioarelor si a ciocului de culoare albastra. Aceste pasari sunt destul de mari, masculii masurand in jur de 35 cm, iar femelele 90 cm. Se hranesc in special cu pesti si vaneaza in perechi. De asemenea, prezinta un comportament interesant in timpul clocirii. Femelele depun cate 3 oua pe sezon, insa nu le depun in acelasi timp. Dupa ce primul ou a fost depus incepe clocirea, comparativ cu alte specii care depun toate ouale si apoi le clocesc. Acest lucru va determina o crestere inegala a puilor si ulterior va creea o competitie intre frati pentru mancare.


Blue-footed booby – Sula nebouxii – Corbul cu picioare albastre

Culoarea albastra a picioarelor este rezultatul alimentatiei exclusive cu pesti. Pasarea acumuleaza pigmenti carotenoizi din mancare. Pigmentii carotenoizi sunt antioxidanti si stimuleaza sistemul imunitar al pasarilor, astfel intesitatea culorii este un indicator pentru sanatatea indivizilor. Au fost facute experimente in care mai multe pasari au fost supuse unui tratament cu mancare saraca in lipide si lipoproteine, iar in 48 de ore culoarea picioarelor se schimba, devenind din ce in ce mai stearsa. Acest fenomen este folosit de femele pentru selectia masculilor, acestea alegand masculii cu picioare cat mai intens colorate, fiind simbolul sanatatii lor.



Corbul de mare cu picioare albastre este recunoscut si dupa numele de „booby”, care deriva din limba spaniola de la cuvantul „bobo” insemnand stupid, prostanac. Pasarile au primit acest nume datorita felului in care merg pe uscat, fiind foarte stangaci. Se descurca mult mai bine la zbor sau chiar la innot. Datorita faptului ca se deplaseaza foarte greu, au fost usor de vanat si capturat de catre oameni. Azi, este o specie protejata si poate fi admirata in mediul sau natural, insa cu mare atentie pentru a nu-i deteriora habitatul.


Adela Teban

News: Africa`s baobab trees are dying

The baobab is the iconic tree from Africa. It belongs to Adansonia genus. These trees are found in Madagascar, mainland Africa and Australia. They are very popular becouse they can live longer than 2000 years. For exemple the Panke baobab in Zimbabwe was 2450 years old when it died in 2011.

Credit: Hougaard Malan/naturepl.com

Unfortunatly the oldest and largest baobab trees in Africa are dying. In a study intended to investigate the age, structure and longevity of Africa`s largest and potentially oldest baobabs, researchers were surprised to find that several of trees died during the study period (2005-2017). But the sad news are that the researchers found no signs of an epidemic or disease, the only answer they have is that the climate change could be the reason for their death.

Source: A.Patrut et al. Nature Plants https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-05411-7

Adela Teban

Noi descoperiri in Madagascar

Insula Madagascar este un paradis al biodiversitatii. Cele mai fascinante, unice si colorate animale traiesc pe aceasta insula, iar 90% dintre ele nu traiesc in nici un alt loc din lume. Printre aceste vietati se numara si cameleonii. Nu mai putin de 80 de specii de cameleoni se afla in Madagascar, iar anul acesta au fost descoperite inca 3 specii noi.

Calumma parsonii

David Protzel, de la Universitatea Ludwig Maximilian din Munich, Germania, impreuna cu echipa sa, au identificat 3 specii noi de cameleoni prin examinarea organelor genitale si analizarea unor gene a sute de indivizi de pe insula. Dupa toate analizele amanuntite au iesit la iveala 3 indivizi diferiti fata de celelalte specii deja cunoscute. Toti sunt mici, avand aproximativ 10 cm lungime si au nasul lung cu mici apendici care cresc pe el dandu-i un aspect bulbos. Se spune despre acesti cameleoni ca ar avea nas asemanator cu marioneta Pinocchio.

Calumma crypticum

Ceea ce este cu adevarat special si spectaculos la aceste animalute este culoarea. Nu degeaba sunt supranumiti cameleoni „curcubeu” deoarece pielea lor este foarte colorata in special cu nuante de galben, rosu si violet. Cameleonii curcubeu nu sunt usor de gasit, ei traiesc undeva in nordul insulei Madagascar, iar numarul indivizilor este foarte scazut.

NEW! Calumma uetzi

Cele 3 specii noi descrise fac parte din genul Calumma. Acest gen de cameleoni este endemic pentru Madagascar si de asemenea sunt specii restranse, ceea ce denota ca nu le vom intalnii in alta zona din lume. Calluma uetzi, a fost denumita dupa Peter Uetz, un cercetator cu o baza de date incredibila formata din specii de reptile. Masculii din aceasta specie pot fi recunoscuti dupa culorile pielii si anume ocru, turcoaz, rosu aprins si mov. Calumma lefona, este deosebita de ceilalti cameleoni datorita rostrului (nasul) in forma de bulb. Denumirea sa provine de la cuvantul „lefona” care in limba malgasa inseamna „sulita, spada”. Ultima specie descoperita este Calumma juliae, fiind denumita dupa Julia Forster, care a ajutat la colectarea indivizilor. Aceste specii au fost gasite pana acum intr-o arie de aproximativ 0,15 km patrati de padure, iar echipa de cercetatori a cerut protejarea imediata a zonei.
Sursa: Zool.J.Linn.Soc http://doi.org/cnmg (2018), Nature-The international weekly journal of science

Adela Teban

Liliecii- specii protejate demne de interes

In aceasta perioada a anului circula cele mai multe povesti si legende stranii despre tot felul de creaturi ale noptii, vrajitoare, vampiri si lilieci care sug sange si bantuie noaptea prin curtile oamenilor. In tema cu sezonul, va propun sa discutam azi despre unul dintre protagonistii Halloween-ului si anume, liliacul.


Liliecii constituie unul dintre cele mai interesante grupuri din lumea animalelor, atat pentru diversitatea speciilor cat si pentru numeroasele superstitii legate de acestia. De-a lungul timpului au fost asociati cu personaje negative, creaturi care umbla noaptea si fac rau. In realitate lucrurile stau cu totul altfel. Liliecii nu se incurca in par, nu sug sangele oamenilor si nu mananca nici slanina din pod. Nu sunt deloc creaturi ale iadului, din contra sunt rezultatul unei evolutii spectaculoase.

Chaerephon chapini
Chaerephon chapini
Choeronycteris mexicana
Choeronycteris mexicana
Cynopterus sphinx
Cynopterus sphinx

Pe langa legendele exagerate legate de lilieci, in unele colturi ale lumii acestia au o simbolistica pozitiva. De exemplu, in China liliecii sunt considerati creaturi nemuritoare si simbol al fericirii, in America de Sud se crede ca liliecii au fost primele fiinte create pe pamant, iar in Noua Guinee reprezinta simbolul fertilitatii.


Liliecii fac parte din ordinul Chiroptera, ordin care a dobandit de-a lungul timpului o serie de caractere care le-a permis sa aiba un succes remarcabil, comparativ cu alte animale. Datorita evolutiei lor spectaculoase, azi liliecii sunt raspanditi in toata lumea, iar caracteristicile lor de baza sunt: viata nocturna, orientarea cu ajutorul ultrasunetelor, hibernarea in timpul iernii, viata gregara si zborul activ. Ultimul caracter fiind si cel mai interesant, deoarece liliecii sunt singurele mamifere capabile de un zbor activ.

Diphylla ecaudata
Ectophylla alba
Ectophylla alba
eidolon dupreanum
Eidolon dupreanum

Pe langa zborul activ, liliecii mai au o trasatura specifica si importanta, mai mult sau mai putin cunoscuta de noi si anume ghidarea in timpul zborului cu ajutorul ultrasunetelor. Sistemul de ghidare functioneaza ca un radar biologic, liliecii emit sunete pe nas si pe gura, iar ecoul reflectat ajunge in urechea animalului oferindu-i informatii despre diferite obstacole sau despre localizarea prazii. Ultrasunetele (20-120 kHZ) folosite de lilieci nu pot fi percepute cu urechea umana, exceptie facand doar liliacul de amurg, care emite sunete cu o frecventa mai mica de 20 kHz.

Lasiurus cinereus
Lasiurus cinereus
Macrotus californicus
Macrotus californicus

Liliecii ocupa un loc foarte important in lantul trofic, ei fiind singurii pradatori pentru multe specii de insecte, printre care si daunatori ai culturilor agricole. De exemplu, specia Pipistrellus pipistrellus, cel mai mic liliac din Romania (incape intr-o cutie de chibrituri), poate consuma intr-o singura noapte 1500 de tantari. Va puteti da seama ce ar putea face o colonie de 200 de indivizi sau mai mult. Din pacate, cu toate ca liliecii sunt de ajutor, multe specii din intreaga lume sunt amenintate cu disparitia. Acest fapt se datoreaza in mare parte modificarii habitatului in care traiesc, iar de cele mai multe ori aceste modificari sunt facute de mana omului prin distrugerea cuiburilor si locurilor unde se afla coloniile lor.

Myotis myotis
Nyctalus lasiopterus

Desi nu este un animal foarte agreat de populatia umana, liliacul este printre noi de aproximativ 50 milioane de ani, trecand prin mai multe stadii de evolutie. Azi, speciile sunt raspandite pe intreg globul, mai putin la poli, iar cea mai mare diversitate a speciilor se afla la tropice. Exista peste 1100 de specii de lilieci descrise in literatura, fiind unul dintre cele mai diverse grupuri de mamifere, precedat fiind doar de rozatoare.


Alte curiozitati despre lilieci:

  • Doar cateva specii se hranesc cu sange, de exemplu liliacul vampir (Diphylla ecaudata). Liliacul vampir este una din cele trei specii de ale Americii de Sud care se hraneste cu sange. Acesti lilieci consuma doar sange de animal (vite sau gaini), in concluzie nici o specie nu consuma sange de om.
  • Excrementele liliecilor, fiind alcatuite exclusiv din resturi de insecte, sunt folosite ca ingrasamant natural. Acest ingrasamant poarta denumirea de „guano” si este perfect pentru gradini de legume si flori.
  • Cea mai mare colonie de lilieci din lume se afla in Statele Unite, in pestera Bracken. In acest loc, specia Tadarida brasiliensis formeaza o colonie de 20 de milioane de indivizi. Aceeasi specie, in orasul Austin, Texas, formeaza si cea mai mare colonie urbana de lilieci, colonia fiind formata din 1,5 milioane de indivizi care se adapostesc sub un pod care traverseaza lacul Town.
  • Cel mai mic liliac din Romania este liliacul pitic (Pipistrellus pipistrellus), el masoara doar cativa centimetrii si cantareste nu mai mult de 7 grame. La popul opus se afla liliacul de amurg (Nyctalus lasiopterus), cel mai mare liliac din Romania. Acesta cantareste 50 de grame si se hraneste cu insecte sau chiar pasari de mici dimensiuni.
  • La noi in tara cea mai mare colonie de lilieci se afla in Muntii Trascau, mai exact in pestera Huda lui Papara. Colonia este formata din mai multe specii si numara aproximativ 100.000 de exemplare.halloween-bat-png-6

Cum putem proteja liliecii?

Liliecii nu ne fac nici un fel de rau, desi de-a lungul timpului au fost asociate cu personaje negative, daunatoare omului. Datorita acestor fapte, din cauza unor activitati necugetate ale oamenilor, unele specii de lilieci sunt pe cale de disparitie. Pentru ai putea ajuta si apara trebuie doar sa urmam cateva reguli simple. Este foarte important sa nu deranjam liliecii in adaposturi, sa nu le distrugem locurile in care isi formeaza colonii si in special sa evitam vizitarea lor in perioadele de reproducere (mai-august) si hibernare (noiembrie-martie). Daca totusi vom ajunge intr-o pestera cu lilieci sau vom descoperii o colonie, oriunde ar fi nu trebuie sa atingem liliecii, sa folosim flacara deschisa sau lampi cu carbid in pestera sau sa proiectam lumina de la lanterna direct pe ei.

Rhinolophus mehelyi
Rhinolophus mehelyi
Tadarida brasiliensis

Nu trebuie sa uitam faptul ca pentru specia umana, liliecii sunt inofensivi. In Romania nu exista specii care sa consume sange, ei sunt doar insectivori si nu ataca sub nici o forma omul. Putem proteja aceste animale si fara sa le intalnim vreodata. Cum? Diseminand informatii reale si lasand in urma legendele si superstitiile nefondate pe fapte reale.

Pipistrellus pipistrellus

Surse: https://www.newscientist.com ; https://www.batlife.ro ; https://lilieci.ro/


Adela Teban

Sea turtles eat with their flippers

The sea turtle

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Family: Cheloniidae
Genus: Chelonya
Species: Chelonya mydas

animal-aquarium-aquatic-668867The flippers of sea turtles are superbly adapted for swimming and according to many scientist this is the only function they have. But recently Jessica Fujii at the Monterey Bay Aquarium in California has compiled evidence that turtles use their flippers to handle and eat their prey. Jessica and her team published online videos with three species of sea turtles using their flippers to hold jellyfish and other creatures while consuming the edible parts. sea-life-sea-turtle-turtle-38452

Source: Nature, The international weekly journal of science, Vol.556, No.7700

Adela Teban